Retinal scarring repair

Laser surgery (photocoagulation) With this treatment, your doctor will shine a medical laser inside your eye and make small burns around the tear or hole in your retina. The burns create small scars that fix the tear and help hold your retina in place. When you get this treatment, your doctor will It depends on the type and location of the scar. Scars on the surface of the retina can be removed with some visual recovery. Scars located within or under the retina often cannot be repaired. A detailed examination is necessary to determine if you may be a candidate for surgery

Laser Surgery and Freeze Treatment for Retinal Tears

Is there any treatment to remove the scar from the retina

  1. When this happens, the retina begins a healing process to the damaged area and forms scar tissue, or an epiretinal membrane, on the surface of the retina. This scar tissue is firmly attached to the retina surface. When the scar tissue contracts, it causes the retina to wrinkle, or pucker, usually without any effect on central vision
  2. Once a retinal tear has been detected, the ophthalmologist will work on the treatment options (mostly in clinical setup). The common types of treatment are photocoagulation (specialized laser treatment) or cryopexy (freezing). If the ophthalmologist detects a retinal detachment, then he or she will advise surgical repair
  3. In order to repair a retinal tear, your ophthalmologist may advise you to undergo a laser surgery called retinopexy or retinal laser photocoagulation. Recovery period for retinal laser surgery is up to 3 weeks
  4. Epiretinal membrane is also known as macula pucker or cellophane maculopathy. Recovery after vitrectomy surgery to remove this fine scar tissue covering the macula can take up to 3 months. Surgery is only done if the patient notices distortion of vision, in other words, if straight lines look wavy or out of shape
  5. Repair of a macular pucker or epiretinal membrane is accomplished via vitrectomy. During this procedure, a surgeon uses specialized microsurgical instruments to gently peel and remove the scar tissue from the surface of the retina. During the course of the macular pucker surgery, the surgeon must remove the vitreous gel
  6. Cryotherapy uses cold, or freezing therapy, to create a scar. After injecting an anesthetic around the eye, the surgeon places a freezing probe over the tear or small area of retinal detachment. Each time an area is frozen, scar tissue forms
  7. Laser surgery can repair a retinal tear or hole. Your surgeon uses a laser to heat small pinpoints on the retina. This creates scarring that usually binds (welds) the retina to the underlying tissue. Immediate laser treatment of a new retinal tear can decrease the chance of it causing a retinal detachment

For pneumatic retinopexy, the recovery time is approximately three weeks. For scleral buckling, the recovery time is approximately two to four weeks. For vitrectomy, the recovery time is approximately four to six weeks Scarring results from inflammation, caused by irritation of the retina. Severe occurences can cause swelling of the retina, wrinkling of the surface tissue, or even retinal detachment. Scarring cannot usually be safely removed. This means that, even if the underlying cause is successfully treated, vision remains obstructed or distorted Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure undertaken by a specialist where the vitreous humor gel that fills the eye cavity is removed to provide better access to the retina. This allows for a variety of repairs, including the removal of scar tissue, laser repair of retinal detachments and treatment of macular holes Scarring on the back of the eye is very common. The retina reacts like other tissue to trauma, inflammation, disease, etc. Any surgery might be called dangerous. Vitreo-retinal surgery is major eye surgery. You need to get informed consent from your surgeon

Juvenile Retinal Detachment

An epiretinal membrane is a condition where a very thin layer of scar tissue forms on the surface of the retina in an area that is responsible for our sharpest vision. The part of the eye affected by an epiretinal membrane is called the macula. The macula is made up of special nerve cells that provide our sharp central vision needed for seeing. A laser is used to seal the retina to the wall of the eye. The goal is to keep fluid from going through the tear and detaching the retina. The treatment usually takes less than 15 minutes. It may be done right in your ophthalmologist's office. Your ophthalmologist puts a lens on the front of your eye to focus the laser

Although the mammalian retina does not spontaneously regenerate, researchers have now found that it has a regenerative capacity that is kept dormant by a cellular mechanism called the Hippo pathway. From: Can the Retina be Persuaded to Regenerate? 1.4K view Although silicone oil may be the only way to successfully repair difficult retinal detachments, complications may occur. The most common side-effect with silicone oil is cataract formation. If a silicone lens implant is in the eye, the silicone oil may adhere to the lens implant and impair vision The recovery period lasts at least 1 week for laser surgery to correct a retinal tear, while patients who undergo cryotherapy, another treatment for retinal tears, have a recovery time of up to 2 weeks, explains Williamson Eye Institute. Most tears of the retina require some form of treatment. Laser surgery for a retinal tear involves using. The most common cause of scarring is from bleeding (examples: diabetes, macular degeneration), and from lasers used to treat the bleeding. Retinal repair of any kind can lead to bleeding, as can severe trauma to the eye. 6.1k views Reviewed >2 years ag Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Vision loss from glaucoma occurs when axons in the optic nerve become damaged and can no longer carry visual information to the brain. Glaucoma is most often treated by lowering pressure in the eye with drugs, laser surgery, or traditional surgery. However, these treatments can only preserve.

What Is Retinal Scarring? (with pictures

What is retinal pucker surgery? An explanation from a

Recovery after vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane. Epiretinal membrane is also known as macula pucker or cellophane maculopathy. Recovery after vitrectomy surgery to remove this fine scar tissue covering the macula can take up to 3 months. Surgery is only done if the patient notices distortion of vision , in other words, if straight lines look wavy or out of shape seeing as the retina is in the back of the eye, that would be impossible. It is however possible to have one on your cornea. Im not sure if laser surgery could remove the scar as laser surgery is usually used to make a scar to repair things like retinal tears and detachments Almost all inflammatory or traumatic damage to the retina heals with time. The problem with that concept is healing in the retina involves the formation of scar tissue. Scar tissue is almost never functional tissue. That is, the scar tissue do.. Damage to the retina can lead to irreparable loss of vision in humans and other mammals because their retinas do not regenerate. However, other animals such as zebrafish can reverse blindness thanks to specialized cells in the retina called Müller glial cells. When the retina is damaged, Müller glial cells proliferate and differentiate into. Retinal detachment may cause harm to the tissue or nerves surrounding the eye. If treatment is not obtained promptly, the tissue and nerve damage can extend and eventually result in the loss of the patient's vision. Thankfully, surgery to repair the retina is able to mitigate the risk of this from happening if it is employed in good time. Bleedin

What's Involved in the Surgical Repair of a Detached Retina? The most common surgical procedures for reattaching a retina are scleral buckling, pneumatic retinopexy and vitrectomy. (Each is designed to press the wall of the eye against the retinal holes, holding both tissues together until scarring seals the tears. The burns result in scarring that aids in sealing of the tissue around the tear, which prevents fluid from progressing and leading to a full blown retinal detachment. Freezing is used with a special probe that applies intense cold to freeze the retina resulting in scar tissue that will help encircle and fully seal the tear

Retinal Vasoproliferative Tumor with 5 Year Stability

Laser surgery for a retinal tear involves using a high-beam laser to create scar tissue around the edges of the tear. Your eye will be numbed beforehand. The new scar will help the area of torn retina reattach to the back of the eye and heal over the coming days. This operation prevents a future retinal detachment by making sure vitreous fluid. After retinal detachment surgery, here are the outcomes that you can expect: • 90% chance of reattachment of the retina with one surgery. The biggest reason for failure of retinal detachment surgery is the formation of scar tissue that redetaches the retina (proliferative vitreoretinopathy). The highest risk of redetachment is within the. Retinal detachment repair. Retinal detachment repair is eye surgery to place a retina back into its normal position. The retina is the light-sensitive tissue in the back of the eye. Detachment means that it has pulled away from the layers of tissue around it. This article describes the repair of rhegmatogenous retinal detachments A condition called macular pucker, which occurs when scar tissue forms on the retina, can distort your vision. Fortunately, a procedure called macular pucker repair can help you regain your eye health and prevent further damage. For a personalized consultation, call or visit University Retina at one of their locations in Oak Forest, Bedford.

My main goals in managing RD with PVR are to reattach the retina and to relieve all traction, both from epiretinal membranes and from subretinal fibrosis. It is also important to relieve any foreshortening of the retina. Sometimes surgeons repair the RD and remove all the visible scar tissue but fail to adequately relax the retina Detached Retina Repair. Make an Appointment. Call 434.924.0000. Schedule Online. This Detached Retina Repair is done to repair a detached retina in the eye. The retina is a thin sheet, made of light-sensitive nerve tissue and blood vessels that lines the back of the eye. The sensory layer of the retina receives images and sends them to the brain It is said that the starch neutralizes the burn and helps prevent scarring. And the coolness of the potato will help soothe the burn. Can damaged retina repair itself? Retinal detachment occurs when the retina pulls away from the back of the eye and the blood supply. Without a blood supply, the retinal cells will start to die

After removal, Dr. Brown may treat the retina with a laser, cut or remove scar tissue, flatten detached areas of the retina, or repair holes or tears in the retina. Patients may experience mild discomfort and redness for several days after this procedure, and often have their eye patched for the first day The retina is very thin, and a tear in it is a very serious and potentially blinding problem. If you develop a retinal tear, it can allow for fluid to enter beneath the retina and cause a retinal detachment. Common symptoms of a retinal tear include the sensation of flashes of light in the eye and floaters Post detached retina surgery followed with cataracts and eye scarring. I had emergency detached retina surgery 5 weeks ago. Last week I was told there is now scarring developing along with cataracts. Surgeon know wants to see me every 5 days to check on the progress of the scarring to see if a second surgery is needed now,cataracts to be dealt.

Repair of Retina Scaring - Eye Care - MedHel

  1. degenerations, retinal detachment, and posterior pole chorioretinal lesions. Since these retinal pathologies might be associated with serious sight-threatening complications, patients with high myopia should be educated about the symptoms of retinal complications such as retinal detachment, macular hole, and myopic CNV
  2. Anti-VEGF treatment should be aimed at promoting RPE repair and limiting the extent of the scarring. The mechanisms of RPE repair during treatment may be documented with OCT. Keywords: Age-related macular degeneration, Anti-VEGF therapy, Choroidal neovascularization, Multimodal retinal imaging, Repair mechanism, Retinal pigment epithelial tea
  3. If left untreated, retinal tears will almost always progress into a retinal detachment. Dr. Baker treats retinal tears with a laser by placing several laser spots around the existing hole. This procedure is called a laser retinopexy. The laser spots create scar tissue around the hole helping to keep the retina in place
  4. Stem cells have been part of the biomedical landscape since the early 1960s. However, the translation of stem cells to effective therapeutics have met significant challenges, especially for retinal diseases. The retina is a delicate and complex architecture of interconnected cells that are steadfastly interdependent. Degenerative mechanisms caused by acquired or inherited diseases disrupt this.
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A retinal tear or detachment will immediately require retinal treatment or eye surgery to ensure the individual doesn't suffer any further vision loss. The good news is there are a variety of treatment options to repair a retinal tear or detachment -- and the prognosis is normally good To remove scar tissue membranes from the retinal surface, to repair macular holes, to repair retinal detachments, to remove vitreous hemorrhage, as well as other less frequent indications. Patients with diabetes are particularly prone to retina problems for which a vitrectomy may be recommended (to remove blood in the vitreous gel caused by. In retinal detachment repair, the surgeon first clears away debris and identifies the tear. The retina is reattached using a bubble of air or other gas. Then the tear is sealed with laser. The air is replaced with a gas that acts as an internal splint holding the retina in place Urban Skin Rx Retinol Rapid Repair & Dark Spot Treatment improves the appearance of hyperpigmentation and aging skin, the look of uneven skin tone, post-acne marks, dark spots and fine lines and wrinkles. Improves the appearance of uneven skin tone and texture while improving the look of dark marks. Thoroughly cleanse skin and pat dry Scar tissue is a common healing mechanism in the body. For example, if the skin is cut, scar tissue closes the laceration. In the eye scar tissue develops in response to retinal detachment and surgical repair. If it becomes excessive, the scar tissue causes the retina to detach again. The abnormal production of scar tissue in the eye is called PVR

Macular Pucker - National Eye Institute National Eye

  1. In addition to clinical practice, Dr. Papakostas is pursuing research focused on proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR). Proliferative vitreoretinopathy is abnormal scarring inside the eye after retinal detachment repair and also the main reason for failure, he says. Currently, meticulous surgery is the standard treatment of PVR
  2. At the very centre of the retina is the macula. This is a very special area of the retina, which we use for reading and recognising complex shapes. Sometimes, scar tissue forms which grows across the macula. As the membrane contracts, it causes distortion of the retinal tissue. If this happens, the macula cannot work normally
  3. Vitreous is present between the eye lens and the retina. Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the abnormal vitreous so that the image can be properly projected over the retina. Sometimes, a vitrectomy is performed for a normal vitreous, so that the surgeon can access the retina properly. This is done during the repair of a retinal hole.
  4. Surgery Overview. Scleral buckling surgery is a common way to treat retinal detachment.It is a method of closing breaks and flattening the retina.. A scleral buckle is a piece of silicone sponge, rubber, or semi-hard plastic that your eye doctor (ophthalmologist) places on the outside of the eye (the sclera, or the white of the eye).The material is sewn to the eye to keep it in place
  5. Epiretinal membrane. Epiretinal membrane (ERM) is a condition where a sheet of naturally occurring cells develops on or above the surface of the central part of your retina, an area called the macula. ERM can affect vision if this sheet of cells starts to shrink, causing the retina to wrinkle up under it

When a retinal vein is blocked, it cannot drain blood from the retina. This leads to hemorrhages (bleeding) and leakage of fluid from the blocked blood vessels. There are two types of RVO: Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is the blockage of the main retinal vein. Branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO) is the blockage of one of the smaller. It allows him or her to peel scar tissue off the retina, repair holes, close very large tears, and directly flatten a retinal detachment. Common methods of repairing a retinal tear include: Laser photocoagulation , in which an intense beam of light travels through the eye and makes tiny burns around the tear in the retina There is ongoing confusion regarding how to correctly code the removal of silicone oil.Silicone oil is used in cases of a chronic retinal detachment, proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR; scarring), advanced cases of diabetic retinopathy, macular holes, and other disease processes that require long-term tamponade of the retina following vitrectomy

Retinal Tear Laser Surgery Post Op Care & What To Expect

Generally, scars from the repair of zone 1 injuries do not require corneal transplantation, whereas higher grades of trauma, after primary repair healing, will require corneal transplantation (Figure 1) along with additional procedures such as lensectomy and anterior vitrectomy if the posterior segment is not involved Retinal hemorrhage is bleeding from the blood vessels in the retina, inside your eye. Your retina is the thin layer that lines the back of your eye. What causes retinal hemorrhage? Medical conditions, such as diabetes, high blood pressure, anemia, or leukemia; Eye problems, such as macular degeneration, or a bulging of the blood vessels in the.

What To Expect After Laser Surgery For Retinal Tear by Dr

This scar tissue pulls on the retina, and leads to a detachment of the retinal tissue. (cryotherapy) to repair any tears in the retina and to reattach the retina to the back of the eye. Diabetic retinopathy. Diabetic retinopathy is a serious sight-threatening complication of diabetes that can lead to blindness A small area of retinal detachment far from the center of the vision can sometimes be watched if it stops growing due to laser or injection treatment and improvement in blood sugars control. Other times, a tractional retinal detachment affects the central vision significantly enough to require surgical repair Retinal Detachment Repair Definition. This procedure is done to repair a detached retina in the eye. The retina is a thin sheet made of light-sensitive nerve tissue and blood vessels that line the back of the eye. The sensory layer of the retina receives images and sends them to the brain

Recovery after vitrectomy for epiretinal membrane Retina

Retina. Cleveland Clinic's retina team has some of the best clinical outcomes in the field, and is passionate about leading the way in research and innovation for retinal diseases. Appointments 216.444.2020. Appointments & Locations. Contact Us Tractional retinal detachments are caused by scar tissue that grows over the retina and pulls the retina off the back wall of the eye. This type of retinal detachment may occur from diabetes or other conditions. Exudative retinal detachments form when fluid leaks out of blood vessels and accumulates under the retina Vitrectomy is a surgical procedure to remove the vitreous humor gel that fills the eye cavity to gain access to the retina for repair floaters, detachments, and scar tissue. Vitreomacular traction syndrome is a condition in which vitreous gel causes symptoms ranging from blurred vision to distorted or blacked-out central vision Retinal cryopexy, also called retinal cryotherapy , is a procedure that uses intense cold to induce a chorioretinal scar and to destroy retinal or choroidal tissue. Purpose The retina is the very thin membrane in the back of the eye that acts like the film in a camera Most retinal scars from histop lasmosis do not cause any problems. Some scars that are close to the center of the eye (in the macula) can start to bleed and cause vision loss. The histoplasmosis scars in the macula can lead to new blood vessel growth (neovascularization) (figure 2). Neovascularization causes vision loss because the abnormal.

Macular Pucker Surgery & Recovery Eye Center of Texa

  1. ation and subsequently treated with laser. Click image to enlarge
  2. After laser surgery for macular hole repair, the retina detaches from the back of the eye in 1 to 2 percent of cases, according to VitreoRetinal Surgery. Retinal detachment causes a curtain or veil to appear over a portion of the visual field. Retinal detachment requires surgical repair or vision loss in the area of detachment can become permanent
  3. damaged retinal tissue or scar tissue on the retina injury from a dislodged, misplaced, or infected intraocular lens (IOL) detached retina where the retina becomes loose and moves around the ey
  4. The retina, located in the back of the eye, senses light and sends images through the optic nerve to the brain.It also provides the sharp vision needed for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Years ago, researchers discovered that some diseases, such as diabetes, hypertension and glaucoma, can damage the retina.It also can be injured during vehicle accidents or explosions
  5. The retina sends signals to your brain so that you can see. Purpose A vitrectomy may be done if your vitreous is infected, inflamed, or filled with blood or bits of tissue known as floaters

Procedures to Treat Retinal Tears & Retinal Detachments

The usual signs of retinal detachment are flashes, floaters and loss of peripheral vision. After retinal surgery, vision is usually poor so that the normal signs may be missed. My advice for may patients is that they call if the vision gets worse, in any way, compared to the first day when the patch comes off Another complication is proliferative vitreoretinopathy, which leads to contractions and scarring on the retina after repair, and further surgery may be needed to treat this conditions. The risk of developing complications increases in patients who have glaucoma, cataracts, poor overall health and a high degree of retinal damage What is macular pucker? A macular pucker is scar tissue that has formed on the eye's macula, located in the center of the eye's retina

Retinal diseases - Diagnosis and treatment - Mayo Clini

An eye doctor has several ways of repairing your retina and hopefully, saving your vision. Your doctor may apply cold to the tissue in your eye, which can cause scarring next to the retina. This will force the retina to stay attached. There are also a few surgical procedures that a doctor can perform. A laser surgery is, perhaps, the most intense Silicone oil is used for recurrent retinal detachments or complicated retinal detachments including PVR (proliferative vitreoretinopathy). It can be a valuable tool to prevent blindness. Most retinal detachments are caused by a retinal tear, or hole, in the retina. In either case, this allows for communication between the vitreous cavity and the potential space underneath the retina Challenges of retinal damage and scarring. The human retina is subject to harm from many sources, including trauma, disease (i.e., macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy), retinal tears or detachment, inherited disorders and other causes. It responds to different types of injury in a very similar way: when damaged, scars form

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What Is the Recovery Time After Detached Retina Surgery

Intraocular inflammatory disorders encompass a broad spectrum of diseases that are a major cause of severe visual impairment. They may be specific to the eye (eg, punctate inner choroidopathy) or be part of a systemic problem (eg, acute retinal necrosis (ARN) due to herpes simplex infection) or a combination of both (eg, cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis in AIDS) Retinal tears and retinal detachment: The vitreous fluid is a clear, gel-like substance that fills the large cavity of the eye, which is lined by the retina. At birth, this gel is attached to the retina, however, with increasing age, the gel separates from the retina and causes retinal tears and detachment Retinal laser therapy, also known as focal laser photocoagulation, is an outpatient procedure that treats macular edema and small breaks in the retina. These conditions affect the retina and threaten vision. The retina is a thin membrane in the back of the eye that senses light. It captures images from the eye lens and sends them along the.

RXI-109 May Reduce Retinal Scarring - Living Well With Low

New research is exploring the biochemical processes that lead to retinal scarring in the hopes of developing the first ever drug intervention to help improve the way retinas heal The doctor can then clear blood, remove scar tissue, and repair retinal tears, holes, or detachments through a variety of procedures. When is a vitrectomy done? Your ohpthalmologist may recommend a vitrectomy if you have one of these diseases or conditions: - Diabetic Retinopathy with bleeding or scar tissue affecting the retina or vitreous ge These vitamins and supplements support the health of the retina.. Retinal damage can have far-reaching and serious consequences. Such damage can occur in a variety of ways. Because damage resulting from nutritional deficiencies can occur it is generally considered a good idea to support retinal health with critical nutrients needed for healthy functioning of the retina

Vitrectomy - The American Society of Retina Specialist

  1. *All required fields must be completed. Please include non-medical questions and correspondence only.If you are having a medical emergency, please call 9-1-1 or go directly to the Emergency Room. To schedule an appointment, please contact our office at Jacksonville 800.237.3846, Daytona Beach 800.555.6590, Lake Mary 877.357.3846.Our regular office hours are 8AM to 5PM Monday through Friday
  2. Membrane contracture exerts traction on the retina, resulting in worsening retinal folds and retinal distortion. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy makes subsequent surgical repair more difficult, as the traction exerted by the scar tissue prevents closure of retinal breaks
  3. Laser surgeries to repair cause of separation; This type occurs when scar tissue on the retina's surface contracts. This contraction causes the retina to pull away from the back of the eye. Tractional retinal detachment is a less common type as it typically affects people with diabetes
  4. Tractional retinal detachments are repaired by releasing the scar tissue and traction on the retina with surgery, allowing the retina to settle back into its anatomic position. Because there must be advanced retinopathy to develop a tractional detachment, even when such detachments are repaired successfully, vision may be limited because of.
  5. This scar tissue is firmly attached to the retina surface. When it shrinks, it causes the retina to wrinkle, or pucker. This usually does not harm central vision. However, if the scar tissue forms over the part of the retina that contains the macula, the sharp, central vision becomes blurred and distorted
  6. Occasionally, as the vitreous gel pulls away from the surface of the retina, a small amount of damage occurs to the retina. After the damage occurs, the body attempts to heal the damaged surface and forms a small amount of fibrous tissue or scar tissue. This scar tissue is referred to as an epiretinal membrane


A Review of Retinal Detachment Repair Though vitrectomy is king, don't shun buckling, this surgeon says. O ur approach to repairing rhegmatogenous retinal detachments has undergone a sea change over the years, moving from the scleral buckling we were taught to use in most cases in the last century to vitrectomy today Laser surgery can repair a retinal tear or hole. Your surgeon uses a laser to heat small pinpoints on the retina. This creates scarring that usually binds (welds) the retina to the underlying tissue. Immediate laser treatment of a new retinal tear can decrease the chance of it causing a retinal detachment. Shrinking abnormal blood vessels Some of these risks may include scarring on the retina, formation of new tears, trapped bubbles of gas, increased eye pressure and bleeding in the vitreous or retina. Patients can eliminate some of these risks by choosing an experienced doctor. Scleral Buckle Repair. Scleral buckle is a surgical procedure commonly used to repair a retinal. Retinal tear or detachment: In some cases, as the vitreous is peeling away from the retina and detaching, it can pull so hard in areas of firm attachment that it tears the retina. Therefore, any person with a PVD should have a careful retinal exam to rule out an associated tear. As the retina tears, a retinal vessel may be torn or damaged, leaking blood into the vitreous Proliferative vitreoretinopathy—This condition causes progressive contraction and scarring of the retina after a repair. This may require surgery. In severe cases, this complication may be irreversible. Factors that may increase the risk of complications include: Poor general health; Degree of retinal damage; Cataracts]]>]]> Glaucoma]]>]]>

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This type of retinal detachment is caused by pulling on the retina by scar tissue. The most common cause of this type of detachment is diabetes, previous retinal detachment, and scarring. Removal of the scar tissue is the only method to repair the retina since usually there is no hole The procedure is effective because the external support helps close the causative retinal tear inside the eye. The retinal tear is repaired by a combination of support from the buckle and the formation of a chorioretinal scar induced by a thermal modality such as cryotherapy (freezing) or laser (heating) A macular pucker is scar tissue that has formed on the eye's macula, located in the center of the retina—your eye's light-sensitive tissue. The macula is responsible for central vision which is the sharp, straight-ahead vision we all need for reading, driving and seeing fine detail To prevent retinal detachments from occurring, repair any retinal tears that you may have with either a photocoagulation or cryopexy procedure. Photocoagulation uses a laser beam through a special kind of contact lens known as an ophthalmoscope, while cryopexy involves freezing the area of the tear. Both procedures cause scar tissue to form.