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Hormones in pregnancy and their functions

Hormones During Pregnancy Johns Hopkins Medicin

Hormones In Pregnancy And Their Functions: An Overview

  1. Functions and effects of the hormone estrogen during pregnancy include: Improve the blood flow system or blood vessel formation. Helps provide nutrients needed by the fetus to develop
  2. Oestrogen is produced in early pregnancy to support your baby until the placenta takes over. Oestrogen helps the development of your baby's organs and the correct function of the placenta. Yet it may also cause nausea and make ligaments softer, putting pressure on your lower back and pelvi
  3. Estrogen and progesterone are the chief pregnancy hormones. A woman will produce more estrogen during one pregnancy than throughout her entire life when not pregnant. The increase in estrogen..
  4. Your hormones in the first trimester. The first trimester can be a doozy. Your body is going into overdrive to grow that tiny embryo. Your blood volume increases, your immune system changes to protect the fetus, and your bloodstream is coursing with a whole whack of hormones. When you first become pregnant, progesterone and estrogen, hormones.

Six key pregnancy hormones and their roles - Compound Interes

Ah, the ever-changing pregnancy during hormones. These powerful chemicals will affect your mind and body during the next nine months, and they'll play as big a role as morning sickness and heartburn MAIN REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES AND THEIR FUNCTIONS Hormones are chemical substances which coordinate the activities of the body. They are secreted by ductless glands in the body and transferred through the blood to the target organs on which they exert their effects. Hormones concerned with reproduction in farm animals can be grouped into male and female Continue reading REPRODUCTIVE HORMONES.

Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone (hCG). This hormone is made only during pregnancy. It is made almost exclusively in the placenta. HCG hormone levels found in the mother's blood and urine rise a lot during the first trimester Progesterone hormone is produced in the ovaries, the placenta when a woman gets pregnant and the adrenal glands. It stimulates and regulates various functions. It plays an important role in.. The placenta produces two steroid hormones - oestrogen and progesterone. Progesterone acts to maintain pregnancy by supporting the lining of the uterus (womb), which provides the environment for the fetus and the placenta to grow Progesterone - It is a female sex hormone also responsible for menstrual cycle, pregnancy and embryogenesis. Testosterone - This is the most important sex hormone synthesized in men, which cause puberty, muscle mass growth, and strengthen the bones and muscles, increase bone density and controls facial hair growth. Also Read: Animal Hormones Breakdown of hormones and their functions in the menstrual cycle Follicle-stimulating hormone What is follicle stimulating hormone? Follicle-stimulating hormone is produced by the pituitary gland. It regulates the functions of both the ovaries and testes. Lack or insufficiency of it can cause infertility in both men and women

Name the hormones produced by the placenta and state their functions This section briefly discusses the hormonal role of the gonads—the male testes and female ovaries—which produce the sex cells (sperm and ova) and secrete the gonadal hormones Hormones act as coenzymes of other enzymes in a human body. Hormones, in their first action, cause a limited number of reactions and do not influence any metabolic activities of a cell directly. A significant characteristic of hormones is that, after their function is over, they are readily destroyed, excreted or inactivated Start studying Hormones - Their Organs, and Their Functions. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Estrogen. Progesterone. Relaxin. Placental growth factor. HPL (human placental lactogen) Oxytocin. Prolactin. Here's a more in-depth look at each of the main hormones listed above, including the role each plays as well as a few others that have important functions during and after pregnancy. Continue Reading Below

Hormones in Pregnancy and their Function

HCG (Human Chorionic Gonadotropin) is often called the pregnancy hormone because it is made by cells formed in the placenta, which nourishes the egg after it has been fertilized and becomes attached to the uterine wall. Levels can first be detected by a blood test about 11 days after conception and about 12-14 days after conception by a urine test.. Findings demonstrate that taste buds express receptors for many of the same hormones and circulating factors that vary with pregnancy. Circulating gonadal hormones or other contributions from the endocrine system, as well as physiological changes in weight and immune response could all bear some responsibility for such a modulation of taste. The abbreviation hCG is short for human chorionic gonadotropin. It is a hormone produced by a developing embryo during pregnancy. The hormone has an important role in both the detection and the maintenance of pregnancy. Pregnant women have very high hCG levels, but nonpregnant women and men do not have the hormone in their bloodstreams The endocrine system uses hormones to control and coordinate your body's internal metabolism (or homeostasis) energy level, reproduction, growth and development, and response to injury, stress, and environmental factors. Consider the following hormones and their role in the workings of the endocrine system The information below will provide the main reproductive hormones in domestic species and their functions. Please note that due to the complexity of the interactions of some of the hormones noted below, it has not been possible to fully explain the effects of the hormone on this page

The placenta is an endocrine gland that is only present during pregnancy. In this lesson, you will learn about the hormones it produces, including human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), progesterone. Learn more about hormones, how they drive your body's main functions, and the role they play in your overall health. Conventional and Complementary Medicine and COVID-19: What You Should Know The COVID-19 pandemic is an unprecedented health event in American, and world, history The functions of female hormones and their effects on the body change throughout a woman's lifetime. Typically, hormones peak at age 20 and begin to fluctuate at approximately age 35. For example, at about age 40, estrogen levels begin to decrease as the body prepares for menopause The hCG hormone promotes progesterone synthesis and reduces the mother's immune function to protect the fetus from immune rejection. It also secretes human placental lactogen (hPL), which plays a role in preparing the breasts for lactation, and relaxin, which is thought to help soften and widen the pubic symphysis in preparation for childbirth

Hormones are defined as chemical substances that help in coordinating the functioning and growth of living organisms in the human body. Different types of hormones have different functions and they all serve the body in their own ways in order to keep it healthy. All the major entrance exams these days test your knowledge in all aspects body's functions to slow down. Thyroid hormone plays a critical role dur-ing pregnancy both in the development of a healthy baby and in maintaining the health of the mother. Women with thyroid problems can have a healthy pregnancy and protect their fetuses' health by learning about pregnancy's effect on the thyroid, keeping current on. For blood tests performed by a doctor, hCG levels above 25 mIU / mL are generally considered positive for pregnancy. Human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) is a hormone released in the early stages of pregnancy.hCG levels begin to rise after implantation, this usually occurs around 6-10 days after conception (and ovulation) Contents Functions of the Endocrine System About Hormones The Pituitary Gland The Thyroid gland The Parathyroids The Pancreas The Adrenal Glands The Gonads Roots, suffixes, and prefixes Cancer Focus Related Abbreviations and Acronyms Further Resources Functions of the Endocrine System . The Endocrine system (along with the nervous system) controls and regulates the complex activities of the body

Hormones of pregnancy and labour You and Your Hormones

Hormones: Function of hormones: Means of control: Antidiuretic hormones (ADH, Vasopressin) Increases water absorption from kidney tubules. Raises blood pressure. Synthesized in hypothalamus, released from neurohypophysis. Oxytoxin: Stimulates contraction of pregnant uterus. Milk ejection from breasts after childbirth The University of California states that oxytocin indicates the breast after pregnancy to make signs for lactation in breastfeeding. These four hormones function in different ways when it comes to breast enlargement or development. In one way or the other, you need these hormones to help your breast function well at several stages in your life In addition, during pregnancy, the placenta is an important source for peptide and steroid hormone secretion, and it has a significant role in preventing the rejection of the fetal allograft. This feto-maternal organ can be separated into two divisions: the fetal placenta (Chorion frondosum) and the maternal placenta (Decidua basalis) FUNCTIONS OF HCG HORMONE Human chorionic gonadotropin hormone(hCG) enhances maternal breast growth by increasing protein synthesis. Hcg increases maternal fatty acid for ATP production, leaving more glucose available for Fetus. HCG helps to maintain pregnancy and affects the development of baby (fetus). The amount that hCG increases early in. How to remember hormone and their functions with easy trick - This lecture explains tricks and tips to remember the name and function of hormones secreted fr..

Women's Health And Hormones

KEYWORDS: placental hormones, peptide hormones, pregnancy, steroid hormones, syncytiotrophoblast Introduction The human placenta is a specialized pregnancy organ that is responsible for essential functions for gestational success, including fetal support, nourishment and protection. The most characteristic placental cells are the trophoblasts. Placental Hormones. In addition to its role in transporting molecules between mother and fetus, the placenta is a major endocrine organ. It turns out that the placenta synthesizes a huge and diverse number of hormones and cytokines that have major influences on ovarian, uterine, mammary and fetal physiology, not to mention other endocrine. Male Hormones and Their Functions. Males have several hormones that serve specific purposes and work together with other hormones in the body. The following hormones play a significant role in regulating the male reproductive system: Testosterone. When one thinks of male hormones, testosterone always comes first to mind The most important function of the thymus gland is to induce the development, activation, and differentiation of T cells so that they can perform their function as mediators of cellular immunity. The thymic hormones, thymosin, and thymopoietin stimulate the prothymocytes to become thymocytes and T lymphocytes

Pregnancy Hormones Guide: Estrogen, Progesterone & More

  1. The role of the adenohypophysis in the generation of thyroid hormones causes that its dysfunction is linked to the condition of both hypothyroidism (by default) and hyperthyroidism (by excess). It can also affect reproductive function, affecting both libido (for example, hyperprolactinemia can occur) and the formation of hormones and sex cells
  2. Hormone, organic substance secreted by plants and animals that functions in the regulation of physiological activities and in maintaining homeostasis. Hormones carry out their functions by evoking responses from specific organs or tissues. Learn about the types, features, and functions of hormones
  3. Where are the female hormones naturally produced and what are their functions? In females, the main sex hormones are estrogen and progesterone. The production of these hormones mainly occurs in the ovaries, adrenal glands, and, during pregnancy, the placenta. Female sex hormones also influence body weight, hair growth, and bone and muscle growth
  4. Name the most important hormones produced by the testes and ovaries and state their functions Name the hormones produced by the placenta and state their functions This section briefly discusses the hormonal role of the gonads—the male testes and female ovaries—which produce the sex cells (sperm and ova) and secrete the gonadal hormones
  5. The placenta is a primary source of steroid hormones during pregnancy. Placental steroid hormones include estrogens and progesterone (Costa, 2016; Edey et al., 2018). In species like rodents, the corpus luteum continues to contribute to the circulating pool of steroid hormones during pregnancy, whereas in other species such as humans and.
  6. Chemicals that interfere with the function of hormones are known as endocrine disruptors, and we're going to talk more about these in our Hormone article series. If you're interested, and a bit of a physiology nerd like we are, here's a more comprehensive list of hormones and their actions
Female sex hormones: Types, roles, and effect on arousal

Know the Types of Pregnancy Hormones and their Function

The two types of female sex hormones secreted from the ovaries include the estrogens and progestogens.These are groups of hormones with estradiol being the most important of the estrogens, and progesterone being the most abundant progestogen. Broadly estrogen is responsible for the growth and development of tissues while progesterone increases secretory functioning of specific tissues Hormones 1. Hormones BY MUHAMMAD ARSHAD MALIK 2. What are Hormones? A hormone is a class of signaling molecules produced by glands in multicellular organisms that are transported by the circulatory system to target distant organs to regulate physiology and behavior. or Or Hormones are substances produced by highly specialized tissues called the Endocrine or ductless glands, carried by. Endocrine Glands, Hormones and their functions. front 1. Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) back 1. stimulates the secretion of the thyroid hormone tropic hormone anterior pituitary. Stimulates the uterine contractions at the end of pregnancy and the release of milk into the breast ducts Posterior Pituitary. front 9. Releasing Hormones. back 9 Oxytocin - A hormone that plays a major role in reproduction, it aids in orgasm and is also responsible for the release of breast milk. Parathyroid Hormone - Among other functions, this hormone is mainly responsible for the activation of Vitamin D. Prolactin - A major contributor in sexual satisfaction and the production of breast milk This comprehensive guide to the 4 main types of hormones in the human body and their functions will show you where the hormones are produced, what they impact, and how they benefit the body.. Looking at the role of different hormones in the human body , we see how some impact brain functions, others support bone and muscle growth, some strengthen immunity, and others even promote a healthy libido

Pregnancy hormones: progesterone, oestrogen and the mood

Support me: ️ Buy PDFs: http://armandoh.org/shop Patreon: http://www.patreon.com/armando Buy shirts: https://teespring.com/stores/ah-7Social media: .. Ovaries secrete the following hormones: i. Progesterone: It is secreted by the corpus luteum of the ovary after ovulation. It is essential for the thickening of the uterine endometrium, thus preparing the uterus for implantation of the fertilized ovum. It is responsible for the development of mammary glands during pregnancy Lactation, secretion and yielding of milk by females after giving birth. The milk is produced by the mammary glands, which are contained within the breasts.. The breasts, unlike most of the other organs, continue to increase in size after childbirth.Although mammary growth begins during pregnancy under the influence of ovarian and placental hormones, and some milk is formed, copious milk.

Function of Androgens Hormone. The main androgenic hormone of the cortex region is androstenedione which is a precursor for testosterone. The latter plays a significant role in the development of secondary male sexual characteristics. Hormones of Medulla and their Functions When pregnancy occurs, the first hormone detectable is hCG (human chorionic gonadotropin), sometimes called beta hCG. The major early function of this hormone is to keep the corpus luteum alive and functioning so it continues to produce serum progesterone until the placenta can take over, which happens at about 8-9 weeks of pregnancy The Role of Hormones in Childbirth. You (and your baby) are born with the ability to start labor, labor and give birth, breastfeed and become deeply attached to each other. The flow of hormones in your body drives these well-organized, finely tuned processes. It is important that you and your maternity care providers understand how to work with. The hormones in investigation were progesterone, estrogen, luteinizing hormone (LH), follicle stimulating hormone (FSH), gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) and human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG). The medium I used as a metaphor for the interaction of the uterine cycle, ovulation and pregnancy was a train that proceeded on a circular track. Hormones and their management of your fertility. LH, FSH, estradiol and progesterone: these are the names of important hormones that determine the female cycle - and thus also the process that leads to pregnancy. Understanding what these hormones do in every phase of your cycle can help you know when you have the best chances to get pregnant

Regulatory B cells, a sub-population of B-lymphocytes with strong immunosuppressive functions, were shown to expand during pregnancy. Furthermore, it is well known that some women suffering from multiple sclerosis, significantly improve their symptoms during pregnancy and this was attributed to the effect of female sex hormones Soon after implantation and early on in pregnancy, the brain regions responsible for reproductive hormone production (mainly, areas called the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland) shift their focus from producing hormones that promote follicular growth and ovulation over to those that maintain a developing pregnancy — i.e., processes that LH.

In target cells, i.e., cells that change their gene expression in response to the hormone, they bind to receptor proteins located in the cytoplasm and/or nucleus. The hormone-receptor complex enters the nucleus (if it formed in the cytoplasm) and binds to specific sequences of DNA, called the estrogen (or progesterone) response element If pregnancy does occur, the corpus luteum remains and continues to produce progesterone. The testes also produce steroid hormones, much like we see from their female counterpart, the ovaries.

PPT - FISIOLOGI PERTUMBUHAN JANIN DAN FAKTOR YANG

How Your Body Changes During Pregnancy: Hormones, Breasts

Sex Hormones in Initiating Reproductive Function. Endocrine glands release hormones directly into the blood. The level of a particular hormone may cause a huge difference in the actions and functions of our body. Hence, hormones are secreted as per the requirements of our body. Hormones work through a feedback mechanism on September 28, 2020. Your menstrual cycle is controlled by hormone signals in the brain. Each month, your ovary will release an egg (known as ovulation) after the egg has matured. The egg enters into the fallopian tube and makes its way down to the uterus with hopes that a sperm will fertilize it. Your monthly menstrual cycle begins on the. Hormones Produced by the Major Hormone-Producing (i.e., Endocrine) Glands and Their Primary Functions Endocrine Gland Hormone Primary Hormone Function Hypothalamus Corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH) Stimulates the pituitary to release adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH

The Endocrine System – Scientific Publishing

Due to their increased serum concentrations, it has been technically easier to develop assays for total thyroid hormones and these are more accurate and valid than free hormone assays. 7 However, the rise in TBG causes total T4 to increase to 1.5 times the concentration typical in the non-pregnant individual. Total T4 assays generally agree. Hormones Involved In Pregnancy And Their Function Cramps After C Bad Section this comprehensive presentation begins with a description of the difference between plant steroids and synthetic hormone replacement therapy Figure- The synchrony between the three major system of human body. usually in this age the cysts in the ovaries from ovarian. Hormones and their effects Sex Hormones - Pregnancy. Sex hormones are responsible for some of the most dramatic changes that occur in the body. They control puberty, egg and sperm production, pregnancy, birth and lactation (breastfeeding). Skin structure and function Stem cells 16-19. Biology . Antimicrobial resistance. Pregnancy is a complex process that comes with the secretion and change in levels of various hormones in the human body. These hormones ensure the pregnancy journey is normal and danger-free.

How pregnancy hormones affect your body in each trimeste

During pregnancy, the way the placenta with the function of protecting the uterus. These hormones are also present in men, since for example, the adrenal glands secrete, even in small quantities. For the formation of hormones, it is necessary to stimulate pituitary ovaries with two others, the gonadotropes (FSH and LH) Thyroid function tests change during normal pregnancy due to the influence of two main hormones: human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen. Because hCG can weakly stimulate the thyroid, the high circulating hCG levels in the first trimester may result in a low TSH that returns to normal throughout the duration of pregnancy Detailed information on hormones and their role in the workings of the endocrine system Hormones and the Endocrine System | UCLA Health Library, Los Angeles, CA Skip to topic navigatio I was having increasing east tenderness Hormones In Pregnancy And Their Functions Burst Ovary Polycystic for about a month and then a hrt treatment options reproduction bat heavy period-like The tests and scans described in this section can show if for ovarian cancer is CA125 Hormone: Main tissues acted on by hormone: Main function of hormones : Hypothalamus: Thyrotrophin releasing hormone (TRH) Anterior pituitary: Stimulates release of thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) from the anterior pituitary: Somatostatin: Anterior pituitary: Inhibitory hormone that prevents release of hormones such as growth hormone from the.

The Human Chorionic Gonadotropin (hCG) hormone is important in the early stages of pregnancy. It is produced by cells that are surrounding a growing embryo, which eventually forms the placenta. hCG can be detected in your body as early as 1 week after an egg is fertilized, which forms the basis of most over the counter pregnancy tests. hCG also. Two pregnancy-related hormones—human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and estrogen—cause higher measured thyroid hormone levels in your blood. The thyroid enlarges slightly in healthy women during pregnancy, but usually not enough for a health care professional to feel during a physical exam Function: Usually called the stress hormones, they prepare the body for 'fight or flight' by speeding up heart rate, slowing digestive system and urinary system, increasing blood pressure and blood sugar level. Adrenaline is a powerful vasoconstrictor - that means it constricts blood vessels in order to increase blood pressure

Pregnancy hormones: All the hormones of pregnancy and

In summary, appropriate iodine intake during pregnancy is critical for the formation of normal concentrations of thyroid hormones. All pregnant women should consume between 220 and 500 μg/day of dietary iodine. 4.2.2.2. Human Chorionic Gonadotropin. Pregnancy is heralded by the placental formation of hCG, known as the pregnancy hormone The production of these hormones mainly occurs in the ovaries, adrenal glands, and, during pregnancy, the placenta. Female sex hormones also influence body weight, hair growth, and bone and muscle. Tyroid hormones (TH) play several essential roles for brain maturation in humans. Adequate levels are necessary at specific times in certain regions of the brain for the normal development of the nervous system during fetal and neonatal periods (Porterfield and Hendrich 1993).Maternal TH are the only source of TH for the developing brain of the fetus during the first trimester of pregnancy, at.

Progestin hormones prepare, sustain, and build. With them, pregnancy, some behaviors, and sex hormones endure. Indeed, progestins are nicknamed the pregnancy hormones because they prep for and maintain the body during pregnancy. Their essential role in egg and sperm maturation, sexual receptiveness, and estrogen production are lesser known Hormones help regulate a lot of processes in the body. Hormones manage appetite and metabolism, sleep cycles, heart rate, sexual function, general mood and stress levels, and body temperature. Because they affect so many functions, imbalances in certain hormones can lead to uncomfortable symptoms

Placenta Endocrine Function - Anatomy & Physiology. The Placenta is a hugely important endocrine organ, producing many hormones which affect the status of pregnancy and the maternal physiology. Produced towards the end of pregnancy in increasing amounts to allow for parturition. Causes luteolysis and promotes uterine contractions Other than home pregnancy tests, most EIAs are developed to provide quantitative information. intracrine mediators may have changed their function over the course of evolution and now serve as hormones tissue and it functions as a hormone when released into the blood by regulating energy balance at the level of the hypothalamus. However. Name the hormones secreted and write their functions : (i) by corpus luteum and placenta (any two) (ii) during follicular phase and parturition. human placental lactogen which ensures energy,v supply to the foetus by modifying the metabolism of the mother during pregnancy In addition to the hormones listed in the table above, five of these hormones are controlled by hormones released by the pituitary. Cortisol has a number of functions. It promotes normal metabolism, maintains blood sugar levels and blood pressure, provides resistance to stress and acts as an anti-inflammatory agent Endocrine Pancreas The transcription factor Pax6 functions in the specification and maintenance of the differentiated cell lineages in the endocrine pancreas. It has two DNA binding domains, the paired domain and the homeodomain, in addition to a C-terminal transactivation domain. The phenotype of Pax6-/- knockout mice suggests non-redundant functions of the transcription factor in the.

Pregnancy Hormones: HCG, Progesterone, Estrogen, Oxytoci

Some glands have both endocrine and non-endocrine regions. For example, the pancreas secretes digestive enzymes as well as hormones. Some organs (such as the stomach, intestines, and heart) produce hormones even though their primary function is not hormone secretion. Major Glands of the Endocrine System and What They Do Adrenal (Suprarenal) Gland In certain situations, hormones are associated with acne breakouts, mood swings, and sometimes, low libido. Truth is, there are various types of hormones in the body which play different functions. These may include bodily mechanisms such as metabolism, reproduction, and digestive function. Types of Hormones and their Functions 1 Mares and Hormones. (which prepares the uterus for pregnancy). This quiescent period when the mare is not receptive to a stallion is called diestrus, and her behavior can vary from ear pinning. Ovaries produce and release two groups of sex hormones—progesterone and estrogen. There are actually three major estrogens, known as estradiol, estrone, and estriol. These substances work together to promote the healthy development of female sex characteristics during puberty and to ensure fertility. Estrogen (estradiol, specifically) is. The thyroid gland is a vital hormone gland: It plays a major role in the metabolism, growth and development of the human body. It helps to regulate many body functions by constantly releasing a steady amount of thyroid hormones into the bloodstream. If the body needs more energy in certain situations - for instance, if it is growing or cold, or during pregnancy - the thyroid gland produces.

Maternity Hormones During Pregnancy Beaumont Healt

Hormones Secreted by Pituitary Glands and their Functions: 1. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) or Thyrotropin: This hormone which is secreted by the anterior lobe of the pituitary.. TSH acts on the Thyroid gland to release Thyroxine (T4) and Triiodothyronine (T3) which Regulates Body Metabolism; Hypothalamus secretes Growth Hormone inhibiting hormone (GHIH) to inhibit the secretion of TSH Pregnancy can happen very quickly after your thyroid function returns to normal Always tell your midwife or obstetrician if you have a thyroid disorder or have been treated for one in the past If you are, or have been, treated for Graves' disease, there is a very small chance that your baby will develop temporary hyperthyroidism, but this can. Different Hormones and Their Functions- Endocrine System The Love Hormone Hormones are the chemical messengers of the body. They regulate the body physiology based on the signals from brain. They transfer the signal directly on to the respective organ or system for the changes to happen. So they are like the messengers carrying message from the brain to the other organs Hormones are important for regulating most major bodily processes, so a hormonal imbalance can affect a wide range of bodily functions. Hormones help to regulate: metabolism and appetit

PITUITARY GLAND DISEASES AND DISORDERSIntroduction to Endocrine Pharmacology and Hormones of the6 Benefits Of Chasteberry For PMS - DrJockersChapter 22 Reproductive SystemPregnancy & Thyroid Disease | NIDDK

The hormones that influence the menstrual cycle start their process in the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus secretes the gonadotropins (GnRH), whose main function is to stimulate the body's production of other hormones that are necessary for the uterine cavity and the endometrium to be in a suitable state for conception These hormones help in coordinating the activities of living organisms and their growth. Following are the characteristics of hormones: Hormones are secreted by endocrine glands in small amounts The field is rapidly expanding due to understanding of the cellular pathways that hormones stimulate and the discovery of new hormones and their actions. Exocrine glands An exocrine gland, unlike an endocrine gland, is a gland that secretes substances (electrolytes, proteins or enzymes) straight to a target site via ducts or tube The name of posterior pituitary hormones, sources, nature and their functions are stated below: Hormone 1: Vesopressin or ADH (antidiuretic hormones) or arginine vasopressin ( AVP) Sources: It releases from the supraoptic nucleus in the hypothalamus. Nature: Protein in nature and contains nine essential amino acids